Handbook of System Safety and Security

The following is an excerpt from Handbook of System Safety and Security from editor Edward Griffor and published by Syngress. This section from chapter 10 explores cloud and mobile security.

In this section we present a “big picture” description of the concept of Cloud computing and we define the layers and the Cloud services provided by each layer. We introduce the differences between the types of the Cloud computing and present features, business benefits, metrics, and the key platforms from the vendors. We discuss also Cloud caching, as a base for MCC, and the integration of Cyber-Physical systems (CPSs) into the Cloud. We conclude the section with guidance as best practices to define a robust Cloud architecture.

The Cloud computing paradigm is based on a layered architecture. Each layer offers a collection of services, which can be presented as a layered Cloud computing architecture illustrated in Fig. 10.2. On the bottom of the stack, Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) refers to computing resources as a service. This

includes virtualized computers, processing power, reserved networking bandwidth, and storage services. IaaS services are offered by a variety of providers like Amazon AWS, Windows Azure, Google Compute Engine, Rackspace Open Cloud, and IBM SmartCloud Enterprise. Amazon Web Services, for example, offers a full range of computing and storage offerings in the IaaS layer. This offering includes on-demand instances such as virtual machines. Moreover it offers specialized services such as Cluster GPU instances, Amazon Elastic Map Reduce (EMR), high-performance SSDs on the storage side, and Elastic Block Storage (EBS). In addition the Amazon AWS IaaS solution offers infrastructure services such as archival storage called Amazon Glacier, in-memory caching services called ElastiCache, and both NoSQL and relational databases.

The middle layer of the stack is the Platform as a Service (PaaS) layer; this layer shows some similarities to IaaS. However, the PaaS includes required services, including the operating system needed for a particular application. The PaaS layer offers programming languages support for your application, server side technologies, and data storage options. The support for developer tools and applications integration is also very important. PaaS services are offered by a variety of providers like Engine Yard, Red Hat OpenShift, Google App Engine, Heroku, AppFog, Windows Azure Cloud Services, Amazon AWS, and Caspio. To illustrate the PaaS services, we give as example the services offered by Engine Yard. This provider is designed for web application developers using Ruby on Rails, PHP, and Node.js. Engine Yard allows developers to take advantage of Cloud computing without responsibility for the management operations in the infrastructure level. Engine Yard runs its PaaS platform on top of the Amazon Cloud and provides key operations tasks such as performing backups, load balancing, managing clusters,…

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